ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE

AMR is one of the biggest and growing health threats human faces now and in the coming years.

The State of World Antibiotic Resistance

Today already 700,000 deaths every year are happening worldwide because of AMR. By 2050, it would become an extremely difficult situation where 10 million people will die annually (19 deaths per minute) because of AMR, more people than currently die from cancer i.e. 8.2 million deaths per year. This is truly shocking and it does not stop here, even AMR has a very high economic cost. If AMR is not tackled than from now till 2050, AMR would cost 100 trillion USD.

What is AMR?

Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) is the ability of microorganisms like bacteria (causes pneumonia), viruses (HIV), and some parasites (Malaria) to stop antimicrobials such as antibiotics, antivirals and antimalarial respectively from working against it. As a result, standard treatments become ineffective, infections persist and may spread to others.

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"Without urgent action, we are heading for a post-antibiotic era, inwhich common infections and
minor injuries can once again kill"

- WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION

How do antibiotics work and its history?

Antibiotics disrupt essential processes or structures in the bacterial cell. This either kills the bacterium or slows down bacterial growth. Depending on these effects an antibiotic is said to be bactericidal or bacteriostatic.

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Antibiotic Resistance

Frivolity in the use of antibiotics, including that in humans, agriculture and veterinary use, is the major reason for the spread of resistance. Other reasons include lack of adequate infection control in hospital settings, lack of surveillance mechanisms to track resistance patterns, among others.

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Role of every Stakeholders

Everyone plays a role in the fight against antimicrobial resistance. Understanding your role and how you, specifically, can contribute in the fight against antimicrobial resistance is the first step in combating it. Understand what it is you can do to help combat AMR, and take the pledge today. Every part and every role matters, and together our roles make a difference.

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Antibiotics act on bacteria, not viruses

Antibiotics works against Bacterial pneumonia, Sepsis (blood stream infections), Wound and skin infections, Urinary tract infections, Bacterial tonsillitis (strep throat), etc.

Antibiotics does not work against Colds, Most respiratory tract infections, Influenza (the flu), Viral gastroenteritis, Measles.

The trouble making pathogens

A. baumannii

 

Gram negative

P. aeruginosa

 

Gram negative

E. coli

 

Gram negative

K. pneumoniae

 

Gram negative

E. faecium

 

Gram positive

S. aureus

 

Gram positive

H. pylori

 

Gram negative

Campylobacter

 

Gram negative

N. gonorrhoeae

 

Gram negative

S. pneumoniae

 

Gram positive

H. influenzae

 

Gram negative

Shigella spp

 

Gram negative